Software engineers require a blend of technical and soft engineer skills to succeed. In order to be a software engineer, you need to be equipped with coding expertise and adequate knowledge of programming languages. But having the soft skills to navigate communication with team members and attention to detail is just as valuable.
We cover the top software engineer skills that employers look out for, the most common programming languages, and key soft skills that define the profession.
Software Engineering Technical Skills
While the key role of a software engineer is to design operating systems, applications, and software, collaboration, team-building, and communication skills are involved in the daily life of software engineers. Software engineering jobs are highly rewarding tech for those who enjoy solving problems to provide software solutions.
The technical skills needed in software engineering include:
- Coding and Computer Programming
Software engineers are adept at writing code and creating algorithms to develop applications, software solutions, and more complex software systems. This involves translating complex ideas into functional code using various programming languages.
- Object-Oriented Design
Object-Oriented Design (OOD) is the process of planning a system of objects that interact with each other to solve a software problem. A strong understanding of object-oriented design guidelines is valuable to a software engineer.
- Software Development
Software development is a comprehensive process that involves designing, coding, software testing and debugging. Software engineers contribute to each stage, ensuring the end product meets the desired specifications.
- Software Testing
Quality assurance is a critical aspect of software engineering. Engineers are responsible for testing software to identify and rectify bugs, ensuring the final product is reliable and functions as intended.
- Data Structures
Among the important software engineer skills is proficiency in data structures, which is crucial for optimising algorithms and enhancing software efficiency. Software engineers design and implement data structures to organise and manage information effectively.
Software Engineering Programming Languages
A software engineer is required to utilise the following languages:
Known for its simplicity and versatility, Python is a functional programming language widely used in various applications, from web development to artificial intelligence. It also has a large community of users, which means its resources are heavily backed by developers.
- C and C++
C is a popular programming language choice for systems applications, while C++ is an object-oriented programming language employed in game development, system or software programming, and embedded firmware.
Scala is a programming language designed to be concise and supports both object-oriented and functional programming while being compatible with Java. It is popular in the realm of big data processing, especially in frameworks like Apache Spark.
Java's platform independence makes it a preferred choice for building scalable and secure enterprise-level applications. It can be used for developing both Augmented Reality and Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology.
- SQL (and MySQL)
Structured Query Language (SQL) is an essential and traditional language for managing and manipulating Relational Database Management Systems. MySQL utilises the SQL language to store and handle data in an organised manner.
NoSQL (Not Only SQL) is a newer technology that does not use SQL for non-relational databases, using simpler data structures. While it offers a flexible and scalable alternative to SQL databases, a software engineer who can use both in a hybrid approach is valuable.
- HTML and CSS
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is also foundational for web applications, namely to provide semantics for user-facing elements, while the Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) language is used to present user-facing elements with an appealing interface.
Software Engineering Soft Skills
Technical skills are not all there is to become a software engineer. Soft skills are equally important in succeeding as a software engineer in any company.
The soft skills required as a software engineer include:
Software engineers often work in multidisciplinary teams, including non-technical stakeholders. Clear communication fosters collaboration, ensuring everyone is on the same page regarding project goals and requirements.
Articulating ideas through well-structured documentation is essential. Written communication skills help in creating a comprehensive record of the software architecture, design choices, and implementation details, aiding both present and future team members.
- Client Interaction
The client may not be technically trained yet, so you would have to be the bridge between clients and your team of technical engineers during the software development process. When working on client-facing projects, effective communication is paramount. Software engineers must translate technical jargon into understandable language, ensuring clients comprehend the value and progress of the project.
- Persuasion and Presentation
The ability to persuade becomes paramount while navigating collaborative projects, requiring software engineers to advocate for specific coding practices, architectural decisions, or innovative solutions. Whether elaborating intricate algorithms during code reviews or pitching a project proposal, the power to present information clearly and persuasively becomes a linchpin for successful collaboration, project approval, and overall professional advancement in the dynamic landscape of software development.
- Analytical Thinking
In any software development project, software engineers must dissect complex issues methodically, breaking them down into manageable components. Analytical thinking enables them to understand the root causes of problems and devise appropriate solutions.
Problem-solving in software engineering requires creative thinking. Engineers must devise innovative solutions to overcome challenges, whether in optimising code, improving performance, or finding novel approaches to software design.
Software engineers encounter diverse challenges, and the ability to adapt solutions to different contexts is essential. This involves learning new technologies, experimenting with various approaches, and staying open to alternative solutions.
Attention To Detail
- Rigorous Testing
Software engineers need to rigorously test their code to identify and rectify potential issues. A small oversight during testing can have significant consequences, making attention to detail paramount in ensuring the reliability and robustness of the software.
- Code Review
During collaborative projects, code reviews are a standard practice. Attention to detail is crucial in this context, as engineers need to catch errors, suggest improvements, and maintain code quality standards. This is a combination of technical and soft skills, to emulate version control systems to keep track of previous work.
- Bug Fixing
Bugs that emerge are a detail software engineers need to be able to trace. Identifying and fixing bugs promptly ensures the software functions as intended, maintaining user satisfaction.
Organisation & Team Player
- Project Management
Organisation is key to managing complex software development projects. In a software development team, it is imperative to set priorities, allocate resources efficiently, and ensure that tasks are completed within deadlines.
- Effective Time Management
Effective time management is required to meet project deadlines. Organised engineers can optimise their workflow, balance competing priorities, and deliver high-quality work consistently.
- Collaborative Workflow
Software engineers work with designers, project managers, and quality assurance professionals. Being a team player involves effective communication, respect for diverse perspectives, and a willingness to collaborate for the greater success of the project.
How To Learn Software Engineering Skills?
Five main proven learning pathways have helped people become software engineers.
The cost of self-learning to be a software engineer is low or free. This allows learning at your own pace and focuses on practical skills, but there is a lack of learning structure. If you are looking to learn programming languages, try out our Fundamentals Lite course to understand key terms and coding jargon.
- Reading Documentation and Books
Keeping up with official documentation and relevant literature related to software engineering helps software engineers gain in-depth knowledge about a particular technology or framework.
- Online Tutorials and Blogs
Numerous online platforms offer tutorials and blogs covering a wide range of topics that are relevant and written by software engineers. These resources provide practical insights and tips for honing specific software development skills.
- Personal Projects
Engaging in personal coding projects allows software engineers to apply and reinforce their skills in a real-world context. It is an excellent way to experiment with new technologies and overcome challenges.
- Open Source Contributions
Contributing to open-source projects not only benefits the community but also provides you exposure to different coding styles, software engineering technical skills, and collaborative development practices.
Software Engineering Courses
Pursuing industry-recognised certifications, such as those from Microsoft, AWS, or Google, can validate your expertise in specific technologies or platforms. Though short-term certifications provide students with good programming fundamentals, they are not enough for a career switch.
- Coding Bootcamps
Coding bootcamps are intensive educational programs that offer practical skills development. Coding bootcamps in Singapore provide comprehensive programming education at an affordable price of ~S$7,000 and up to three or six months of structured learning. If you want to be a software engineer without prior software development experience, our coding bootcamp provides up-to-date technical education and gets you job-ready with industry-relevant skills.
- Degree Programmes
Getting a Master's degree in computer science or related fields provides you with a structured learning of fundamental principles and advanced concepts in software engineering, with less practical exposure. However, the cost can go up to ~S$14,000 and take up to four years.
- Postgraduate Programmes
Postgraduate courses can be just as hefty as the degree programs, as many school programs go up to ~S$10,000. While also having a good theoretical foundation, such programmes are unlikely to have practical software engineering experience.
Engage the Software Engineers Community
- Forums and Discussion Boards
Participating in forums such as Stack Overflow or Reddit allows fellow software engineers to seek advice, share experiences, and learn from the challenges faced by others to improve their technical skills.
- Conferences and Meetups
Attending conferences and local meetups provides opportunities to network with software engineering experts, learn about emerging technologies, and gain insights from experienced speakers. Notable software engineering conferences include FOSDEM, DeveloperWeek, and Devnexus.
- Online Platforms
Platforms like GitHub, GitLab, or Bitbucket facilitate collaboration and exposure to a variety of software solutions to different software engineer technical skills. Engaging in discussions and contributing to repositories helps build a strong online presence, and in turn, credibility.
Set achievable goals
- Mastering a New Language or Framework
Learning new programming languages or mastering a specific framework expands skill sets and opens up new possibilities for software engineer skills development.
- Project Completion
Setting goals to complete personal or work-related projects within a specified timeframe ensures consistent progress in software engineering skills application.
- Skill Improvement
Identifying specific software engineer skills needed to improve, such as debugging, algorithm optimisation, or user interface design, allows for targeted software engineer skill development.
- Certification Achievement
Successful software engineers work towards obtaining certifications that demonstrate expertise in a particular technology or domain and add credibility to the software engineering skill set.
If you are thinking about developing software engineering skills, consider our software engineering courses. We have assisted numerous graduates from non-technical backgrounds to full-time software engineers at tech companies through our courses by catering to all skill levels, from beginners to professionals. Find the right course for you using our in-house quiz.